Nashi pears have become extremely popular. The plant with the apple-like fruits is very robust, but there are still some things to consider when planting so that you can later expect a rich harvest.© Christian Jung - Fotolia.com
The Nashi pear belongs to the pear genus and has a lot in common with the local cultivated fruit. Nashi stands for the Japanese name for pear. The trees, which grow up to 15 meters high, originally come from China. The apple pear has been grown in Europe for about fifty years. The Japanese pear proves to be a robust plant that copes very well with our climatic conditions.
So that you can enjoy the aromatic fruits in your home orchard, there are a few things you need to consider when growing the Nashi pear.
Which varieties can be grown?
At first glance, they look almost the same, small, round and with a smooth or rough shell. Therefore, the richness of the Nashi pear may be surprising. In Japan, the apple-pear is grown particularly extensively and can be found there alone in more than 1,000 varieties.
Here is an overview of some varieties that are suitable for growing in the home garden:
❍ Nashi Tama
This type of apple-pear originated in Korea. The small, golden yellow fruits are sweet and particularly juicy. The harvest season is July and August. With a height of three to four meters, Nashi Tama is also suitable for smaller gardens. The plants love a warm and protected location and are considered hardy.
Ashi Nashi Hayatama
This very similar Nashi Tama variety also comes from Korea. The fruits are small and particularly tasty with their honey aroma. Because of their low height, these apple pears can also be found in smaller orchards. Resistant and frost hardy, Nashi Hayatama is a popular beginner plant.
❍ Nashi Shinseiki
This Asian apple pear is native to Japan. The fruits are reminiscent of apples and appear crisp and firm. The thin and smooth bowl is also suitable for consumption. It can be harvested around mid-September. Nashi Shinseiki regularly delivers high yields. The fruits can be stored well and can be left on the tree for a long time.
Ashi Nashi Mischiratz
A late harvest is waiting for you with Nashi Mischiratz. Can be harvested from October to November. The spindle-shaped fruits are quite large and have a sweet and juicy pulp. With a height of up to six meters, this variety is also well suited for the orchard. Regular pruning is recommended for the rapidly growing Nashi Mischiratz.
Determine the right location
The nashi pear may seem exotic, but its cultivation has many similarities with the domestic pear. The quality and taste of the fruit depend to a large extent on the right choice of location. The best crop yields can be achieved if the location is chosen to be sunny and protected. Young plants should be protected from late frosts.
" Tip: Late frosts could endanger the early flowering of the Nashi pear.
An ideal location is, for example, the south wall of a house, where the plants cut a fine figure as trellis trees.
Select the right substrate
The plants prefer to grow in deep soil. This requires the preparation of the later location. It is important not only to loosen the soil, but also to enrich it with nutrients. Here compost and clay have proven themselves.
Since the Nashi pears do not tolerate waterlogging, it is advisable to provide the floor with a drainage of clay or gravel and to mulch the floor regularly. If you have the opportunity to carry out a soil analysis, this is a good way to create the ideal soil conditions. For the apple pear, a pH of five to six is ideal.
" Attention: The Nashi pear does not tolerate calcareous soil.
Planting the nashi pear - step by step
Pflanz best planting time - spring
❷ Select location
❸ Prepare the floor
❹ Dig out the planting hole twice the width of the root ball
❺ Keep a distance from neighboring trees
Einsetzen Insert the plant
❼ The finishing station should protrude ten centimeters from the ground
❽ Close the planting hole
❾ Insert the post to stabilize the tree
Pour enough Nashi pear on
Nashi pears can be planted in spring or late autumn. This should be done on dry and frost-free days. The soil should be loosened, cleared of stones and weeds and enriched with compost or manure. A drainage made of clay or gravel supports the permeability of the soil and helps to prevent waterlogging.
The nashi pear in the bucket
Some nashi pears are also suitable for keeping in a bucket. The column fruit can be found on every balcony and is a popular alternative if there is no garden and you still do not want to do without a rich fruit harvest. Container plants are more sensitive than Nashi pears cultivated outdoors. So that the sensitive roots are not damaged, young plants need winter protection. Since the nutrient requirements are also higher than for outdoor plants, regular fertilization should not be avoided.
Repot the apple-pear
About every two to three years it is time to replant the Nashi pear. The best time for this is spring. The plants should get a larger planter. It is also important to replace the substrate completely, as the nutrients it contains are used up very quickly.
Planting Nashi pears in the orchard - the advantages and disadvantages
|+ Nashi pears are exotic plants that can be easily cultivated.|
+ The plants are robust, are rarely infected and get through the winter well.
+ Asian pears deliver high yields.
|- If the species are not self-fertile, a second pear tree in the immediate vicinity is required.|
- Nashi pears need to be cut regularly.
Pears need company
When buying the Nashi pear, you should make sure that it is a self-fruiting variety. If this is the case, a second tree does not necessarily have to be planted if you dream of a rich apple pear harvest. Non-fruiting trees should be planted in the vicinity of a pear tree. It does not necessarily have to be another Nashi pear, even traditional pear varieties, such as Williams-Christ, are very suitable as fertilizers.